संयुक्त राष्ट्रे सदस्य देश


५0px
या लेखाचा/विभागाचा सध्याचा मजकूर पुढील परभाषेत आहे : इंग्रजी भाषेतून मराठी भाषेत अनुवाद करण्यास आपला सहयोग हवा आहे. ऑनलाइन शब्दकोश आणि इतर साहाय्यासाठी भाषांतर प्रकल्पास भेट द्या.


जगाच्या नकाशावर सदस्य देश.
  १९४५ (मूळ सदस्य)
  १९४६-५९
  १९६०-८९
  १९९०-सध्या
  असदस्य (पर्यवेक्षक)

संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघाचे सध्या १९३ सदस्य देश आहेत. हे सर्व सदस्य संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघाच्या आमसभेचे सभासद आहेत.[१] कायद्यानुसार केवळ सार्वभौम देशांनाच हे सदस्यत्व प्राप्त करता येते. जगातील सध्याच्या सार्वभौम देशांपैकी केवळ व्हॅटिकन सिटी हा देश सदस्य नाही.

सदस्य देशसंपादन करा

संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघाची स्थापना १९४५ साली करण्यात आली व मूळ सदस्य राष्ट्रांची संख्या ५१ इतकी होती.[२] ह्यांपैकी चेकोस्लोव्हाकियायुगोस्लाव्हिया ह्या देशांव्यतिरिक्त इतर सर्व देश आजही सदस्य आहेत. ह्या दोन देशांचे विघटन होऊन तयार झालेल्या सर्व देशांना संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघात वेगळा प्रवेश देण्यात आला. सोव्हियेत संघाच्या विघटनानंतर रशियाने ती जागा घेतली.

खालील यादीत संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघाचे सर्व विद्यमान सदस्य दिले आहेत. (मूळ सदस्य निळ्या पार्श्वभूमीवर दाखवले आहेत).[३]

सदस्य देश[४] प्रवेश तारीख हेही प्हा
  अफगाणिस्तान 19 November 1946
  आल्बेनिया 14 December 1955
  अल्जीरिया 8 October 1962
  आंदोरा 28 July 1993
  अँगोला 1 December 1976
  अँटिगा आणि बार्बुडा 11 November 1981
  आर्जेन्टिना 24 October 1945
  आर्मेनिया 2 March 1992 Former members: USSR
  ऑस्ट्रेलिया 1 November 1945
  ऑस्ट्रिया 14 December 1955
  अझरबैजान 2 March 1992 Former members: USSR
  बहामास 18 September 1973
  बहरैन 21 September 1971
  बांगलादेश 17 September 1974
  बार्बाडोस 9 December 1966
  बेलारूस 24 October 1945 Former members: USSR
  बेल्जियम 27 December 1945
  बेलीझ 25 September 1981
  बेनिन[note १] 20 September 1960
  भूतान 21 September 1971
  बोलिव्हिया[note २] 14 November 1945
  बॉस्निया आणि हर्झगोव्हिना 22 May 1992 Former members: Yugoslavia
  बोत्स्वाना 17 October 1966
  ब्राझील 24 October 1945
  ब्रुनेई 21 September 1984
  बल्गेरिया 14 December 1955
  बर्किना फासो[note ३] 20 September 1960
  बुरुंडी 18 September 1962
  कंबोडिया[note ४] 14 December 1955
  कामेरून[note ५] 20 September 1960
  कॅनडा 9 November 1945
  केप व्हर्दे 16 September 1975
  मध्य आफ्रिकेचे प्रजासत्ताक[note ६] 20 September 1960
  चाड 20 September 1960
  चिली 24 October 1945
  चीन 24 October 1945 Former members: Republic of China
  कोलंबिया 5 November 1945
  कोमोरोस 12 November 1975
  काँगोचे प्रजासत्ताक[note ७] 20 September 1960
  कोस्टा रिका 2 November 1945
  कोत द'ईवोआर[note ८] 20 September 1960
  क्रोएशिया 22 May 1992 Former members: Yugoslavia
  क्युबा 24 October 1945
  सायप्रस 20 September 1960
  चेक प्रजासत्ताक 19 January 1993 Former members: Czechoslovakia
  उत्तर कोरिया 17 September 1991
  काँगोचे लोकशाही प्रजासत्ताक[note ९] 20 September 1960
  डेन्मार्क 24 October 1945
  जिबूती 20 September 1977
  डॉमिनिका 18 December 1978
  डॉमिनिकन प्रजासत्ताक 24 October 1945
  इक्वेडोर 21 December 1945
  इजिप्त 24 October 1945 Former members: United Arab Republic
  एल साल्व्हाडोर 24 October 1945
  इक्वेटोरीयल गिनी 12 November 1968
  इरिट्रिया 28 May 1993
  एस्टोनिया 17 September 1991 Former members: USSR
  इथियोपिया 13 November 1945
  फिजी 13 October 1970
  फिनलंड 14 December 1955
  फ्रान्स 24 October 1945
  गॅबन 20 September 1960
  गांबिया[note १०] 21 September 1965
  जॉर्जिया 31 July 1992 Former members: USSR
  जर्मनी 18 September 1973 Former members: Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic
  घाना 8 March 1957
  ग्रीस 25 October 1945
  ग्रेनेडा 17 September 1974
  ग्वातेमाला 21 November 1945
  गिनी 12 December 1958
  गिनी-बिसाउ 17 September 1974
  गयाना 20 September 1966
  हैती 24 October 1945
  होन्डुरास 17 December 1945
  हंगेरी 14 December 1955
  आइसलँड 19 November 1946
  भारत 30 October 1945
  इंडोनेशिया 28 September 1950 Withdrawal of Indonesia (1965–1966)
  इराण[note ११] 24 October 1945
  इराक 21 December 1945
  आयर्लंड 14 December 1955
  इस्रायल 11 May 1949
  इटली 14 December 1955
  जमैका 18 September 1962
  जपान 18 December 1956
  जॉर्डन 14 December 1955
  कझाकस्तान[note १२] 2 March 1992 Former members: USSR
  केनिया 16 December 1963
  किरिबाटी 14 September 1999
  कुवेत 14 May 1963
  किर्गिझस्तान 2 March 1992 Former members: USSR
  लाओस[note १३] 14 December 1955
  लात्व्हिया 17 September 1991 Former members: USSR
  लेबेनॉन 24 October 1945
  लेसोथो 17 October 1966
  लायबेरिया 2 November 1945
  लीबिया[note १४] 14 December 1955
  लिश्टनस्टाइन 18 September 1990
  लिथुएनिया 17 September 1991 Former members: USSR
  लक्झेंबर्ग 24 October 1945
  मादागास्कर[note १५] 20 September 1960
  मलावी 1 December 1964
  मलेशिया[note १६] 17 September 1957
  मालदीव[note १७] 21 September 1965
  माली 28 September 1960
  माल्टा 1 December 1964
  मार्शल द्वीपसमूह 17 September 1991
  मॉरिटानिया 27 October 1961
  मॉरिशस 24 April 1968
  मेक्सिको 7 November 1945
  मायक्रोनेशियाची संघीय राज्ये 17 September 1991
  मोनॅको 28 May 1993
  मंगोलिया 27 October 1961
  माँटेनिग्रो 28 June 2006 Former members: Yugoslavia and Former members: Serbia and Montenegro
  मोरोक्को 12 November 1956
  मोझांबिक 16 September 1975
  म्यानमार[note १८] 19 April 1948
  नामिबिया 23 April 1990
  नौरू 14 September 1999
  नेपाळ 14 December 1955
  नेदरलँड्स 10 December 1945
  न्यूझीलंड 24 October 1945
  निकाराग्वा 24 October 1945
  नायजर 20 September 1960
  नायजेरिया 7 October 1960
  नॉर्वे 27 November 1945
  ओमान 7 October 1971
  पाकिस्तान 30 September 1947
  पलाउ 15 December 1994
  पनामा 13 November 1945
  पापुआ न्यू गिनी 10 October 1975
  पेराग्वे 24 October 1945
  पेरू 31 October 1945
  फिलिपाईन्स[note १९] 24 October 1945
  पोलंड 24 October 1945
  पोर्तुगाल 14 December 1955
  कतार 21 September 1971
  दक्षिण कोरिया 17 September 1991
  मोल्दोव्हा[note २०] 2 March 1992 Former members: USSR
  रोमेनिया 14 December 1955
  रशिया 24 October 1945 Former members: USSR
  रवांडा 18 September 1962
  सेंट किट्स आणि नेव्हिस[note २१] 23 September 1983
  सेंट लुसिया 18 September 1979
  सेंट व्हिन्सेंट आणि ग्रेनेडीन्स 16 September 1980
  सामो‌आ 15 December 1976
  सान मारिनो 2 March 1992
  साओ टोमे व प्रिन्सिप 16 September 1975
  सौदी अरेबिया 24 October 1945
  सेनेगाल 28 September 1960
  सर्बिया 1 November 2000 Former members: Yugoslavia and Former members: Serbia and Montenegro
  सेशेल्स 21 September 1976
  सियेरा लिओन 27 September 1961
  सिंगापूर 21 September 1965
  स्लोव्हाकिया 19 January 1993 Former members: Czechoslovakia
  स्लोव्हेनिया 22 May 1992 भूतपूर्व युगोस्लाव्हिया
  सॉलोमन द्वीपसमूह 19 September 1978
  सोमालिया 20 September 1960
  दक्षिण आफ्रिका[note २२] 7 November 1945
  दक्षिण सुदान 14 July 2011 सुदानपासून स्वातंत्र्य
  स्पेन 14 December 1955
  श्रीलंका[note २३] 14 December 1955
  सुदान 12 November 1956
  सुरिनाम[note २४] 4 December 1975
  स्वाझीलँड 24 September 1968
  स्वीडन 19 November 1946
  स्वित्झर्लंड 10 September 2002
  सीरिया 24 October 1945 Former members: United Arab Republic
  ताजिकिस्तान 2 March 1992 Former members: USSR
  थायलंड[note २५] 16 December 1946
  मॅसिडोनिया 8 April 1993 Former members: Yugoslavia
  पूर्व तिमोर 27 September 2002
  टोगो 20 September 1960
  टोंगा 14 September 1999
  त्रिनिदाद आणि टोबॅगो 18 September 1962
  ट्युनिसिया 12 November 1956
  तुर्कस्तान 24 October 1945
  तुर्कमेनिस्तान 2 March 1992 Former members: USSR
  तुवालू 5 September 2000
  युगांडा 25 October 1962
  युक्रेन 24 October 1945 Former members: USSR
  संयुक्त अरब अमिराती 9 December 1971
  युनायटेड किंग्डम[note २६] 24 October 1945
  टांझानिया 14 December 1961 Former members: Tanganyika and Zanzibar
  अमेरिका[note २७] 24 October 1945
  उरुग्वे 18 December 1945
  उझबेकिस्तान 2 March 1992 Former members: USSR
  व्हानुआतू 15 September 1981
  व्हेनेझुएला[note २८] 15 November 1945
  व्हियेतनाम 20 September 1977
  यमनचे प्रजासत्ताक 30 September 1947 Former members: Yemen and Democratic Yemen
  झांबिया 1 December 1964
  झिम्बाब्वे 25 August 1980
नावबदलांबद्दल व नामभेदांबद्दल टिपा[५]
  1. ^ Benin: Name was changed from Dahomey on 1 December 1975.
  2. ^ Bolivia (Plurinational State of): Previously referred to as Bolivia.
  3. ^ Burkina Faso: Name was changed from Upper Volta on 6 August 1984.
  4. ^ Cambodia: Name was changed to the Khmer Republic on 7 October 1970, and back to Cambodia on 30 April 1975. Name was changed again to Democratic Kampuchea on 6 April 1976, and back to Cambodia on 3 February 1990.
  5. ^ Cameroon: Previously referred to as Cameroun (before merging with Southern Cameroons in 1961). By a letter of 4 January 1974, the Secretary-General was informed that Cameroon had changed its name to the United Republic of Cameroon. Name was changed back to Cameroon on 4 February 1984.
  6. ^ Central African Republic: By a letter of 20 December 1976, the Central African Republic advised that it had changed its name to the Central African Empire. Name was changed back to the Central African Republic on 20 September 1979.
  7. ^ Congo: Previously referred to as Congo (Brazzaville) (to differentiate it from Congo (Leopoldville)) and the People's Republic of the Congo. Name was changed to Congo on 15 November 1971 (after the Democratic Republic of the Congo changed its name to Zaire). Also referred to as Congo (Republic of the).
  8. ^ Côte d'Ivoire: Previously referred to as Ivory Coast. On 6 November 1985, Côte d’lvoire requested that its name no longer be translated into different languages; this became fully effective on 1 January 1986.
  9. ^ Democratic Republic of the Congo: Previously referred to as Congo (Leopoldville) (to differentiate it from Congo (Brazzaville)). Name was changed from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to Zaire on 27 October 1971, and back to the Democratic Republic of the Congo on 17 May 1997.
  10. ^ Gambia: Previously referred to as The Gambia.
  11. ^ Iran (Islamic Republic of): Previously referred to as Iran. By a communication of 5 March 1981, Iran informed the Secretary-General that it should be referred to by its complete name of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
  12. ^ Kazakhstan: Spelling was changed from साचा:Sic on 20 June 1997.
  13. ^ Lao People's Democratic Republic: Name was changed from Laos on 2 December 1975.
  14. ^ Libyan Arab Jamahiriya: Previously referred to as Libya and the Libyan Arab Republic. By notes verbales of 1 and 21 April 1977, the Libyan Arab Republic advised that it had changed its name to the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.
  15. ^ Madagascar: Previously referred to as the Malagasy Republic.
  16. ^ Malaysia: Name was changed from the Federation of Malaya on 16 September 1963, after the admission of Singapore, Sabah (formerly North Borneo), and Sarawak to the federation. Singapore became an independent state on 9 August 1965 and a UN member on 21 September 1965.
  17. ^ Maldives: Previously referred to as the Maldive Islands.
  18. ^ Myanmar: Name was changed from Burma on 18 June 1989.
  19. ^ Philippines: Previously referred to as the Philippine Commonwealth (before becoming a republic in 1946) and as the Philippine Republic.
  20. ^ Republic of Moldova: Previously referred to as Moldova.
  21. ^ Saint Kitts and Nevis: Name was changed officially from Saint Christopher and Nevis on 26 November 1986; the UN, however, continued to use the former name throughout the year.
  22. ^ South Africa: Previously referred to as the Union of South Africa (before becoming a republic in 1961).
  23. ^ Sri Lanka: Name was changed from Ceylon on 22 May 1972.
  24. ^ Suriname: Name was changed from Surinam on 23 January 1978.
  25. ^ Thailand: Previously referred to as Siam.
  26. ^ United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Also referred to as the United Kingdom.
  27. ^ United States of America: Also referred to as the United States.
  28. ^ Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of): Previously referred to as Venezuela.

संदर्भसंपादन करा

  1. ^ "What are Member States?".
  2. ^ "Founding Member States".
  3. ^ "विद्यमान सदस्य देश".
  4. ^ "Blue Book "Permanent Missions to the United Nations No. 300"" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Yearbook of the United Nations".


बाह्य दुवेसंपादन करा