फिफा विश्वचषक पुरस्कार

At the end of each FIFA World Cup final tournament, several awards are attributed to the players and teams which have distinguished from the rest, in different aspects of the game.

ह्या लेखाचा/विभागाचा इंग्रजी किंवा अमराठी भाषेतून मराठी भाषेत भाषांतर करावयाचे बाकी आहे. अनुवाद करण्यास आपलाही सहयोग हवा आहे. ऑनलाईन शब्दकोश आणि इतर सहाय्या करिता भाषांतर प्रकल्पास भेट द्या.

There are currently six awards:

  • The Golden Shoe (also known as the Golden Boot, since १९८२ commercially termed "adidas Golden Shoe") was first awarded in १९३० for top goal scorer;
  • The Golden Ball (currently commercially termed "adidas Golden Ball") for best player;
  • The Yashin Award for best goalkeeper (first awarded in १९९४);
  • The FIFA Fair Play Award for the team with the best record of fair play (first awarded in १९७८);
  • The Most Entertaining Team award for the team that has entertained the public the most, during the World Cup final tournament, as determined by a poll of the general public, first awarded in १९९४;
  • The Best Young Player (currently commercially termed as "Gillette Best Young Player") award for best player under २१ years of age at the start of the calendar year, first awarded in २००६.

An All-Star Team (currently commercially termed "Mastercard All-Star Team") comprising of the best players of the tournament, is also announced for each tournament since १९९०.

सोनेरी बूट संपादन

प्रत्येक फिफा विश्वचषक स्पर्धेत सर्वाधिक गोल करणाऱ्या खेळाडूस सोनेरी बूट पुरस्कार दिला जातो. जर दोन किंवा अधिक असे खेळाडू असतील तर इतर खेळाडूंना केलेले सहाय्य हे निर्णायक ठरते. जर यातूनही एक खेळाडू निवडता नाही आला तर उरलेल्यांपैकी कमीतकमी वेळ स्पर्धेत खेळलेल्या खेळाडूस हा पुरस्कार दिला जातो.

The award was introduced at the १९३० World Cup for the first time. The २००६ World Cup in Germany was the first time that the Silver and Bronze shoe awards were added to reward the second and third top scorers in the tournament. If there is more than one player with the same amount of goals, the tie-breaker goes to the player who has contributed the most number of assists. If there is still more than one player, the tie-breaker goes to the player who has played the least amount of minutes.

विश्वचषक विजेता गोल
१९३० उरुग्वे   ग्वियेर्मो स्टाबिल
१९३४ इटली   Oldřich Nejedlý ()
१९३८ France   Leônidas da Silva ()
१९५० Brazil   Ademir ()
१९५४ स्वित्झर्लंड   Sandor Kocsis ११
१९५८ Sweden   Just Fontaine १३
१९६२ चिली   Garrincha
  Leonel Sánchez
  Dražan Jerković
  Valentin Ivanov
  Flórián Albert
World Cup Golden Shoe Award Goals
१९६६ England   Eusébio
१९७० Mexico   Gerd Müller १०
१९७४ West Germany   Grzegorz Lato
१९७८ Argentina   Mario Kempes
१९८२ Spain   Paolo Rossi
१९८६ Mexico   Gary Lineker
१९९० Italy   Salvatore Schillaci
१९९४ USA   Hristo Stoichkov

  Oleg Salenko

१९९८ France   Davor Šuker
२००२ Korea/Japan   Ronaldo ()
World Cup Golden Shoe Goals Silver Shoe Goals Bronze Shoe Goals
२००६ Germany   Miroslav Klose   Hernán Crespo   Ronaldo
FIFA initially credited Nejedlý with only four goals, which would make him joint top scorer with Angelo Schiavio of Italy and Edmund Conen of Germany. However, FIFA changed it to five goals in November २००६, making Nejedlý the outright top scorer. [१][permanent dead link]
² FIFA initially credited Leônidas with eight goals. However, in November २००६, FIFA confirmed that in the quarter-final tie against Czechoslovakia, he scored once, not twice as FIFA had originally recorded, meaning he scored only seven goals in total. [२][permanent dead link] Moreover, in some sources, Leônidas was mis-credited one Brazilian goal in the first-round match against Poland, scoring four goals instead of three in the match.
³ There was controversy regarding how many goals Brazilian Ademir Menezes scored in १९५०, because of incomplete data concerning the Final Round game Brazil vs. Spain (६:१). The first goal had been credited as an own goal by Spanish defender Parra, and the ५:० goal had been credited to Jair. However, recently FIFA credited Ademir with both these goals; thus he is the १९५० World Cup top scorer with ९ goals.
During the tournament, after the group stage match against Costa Rica, Ronaldo logged a protest against the crediting of a goal as own goal, and FIFA granted him the change.

Golden Ball संपादन

साचा:Unreferencedsection The Golden Ball award is presented to the most valuable player at each FIFA World Cup finals, with a shortlist drawn up by the FIFA technical committee and the winner voted for by representatives of the media. Those who finish as runners-up in media voting receive the adidas Silver Ball and Bronze Ball awards as the २nd and ३rd most outstanding players in the tournament respectively.

World Cup Golden Ball Silver Ball Bronze Ball
१९३० Uruguay   Guillermo Stábile   Pedro Cea   José Nasazzi
१९३४ Italy   Giuseppe Meazza   Matthias Sindelar   Oldřich Nejedlý
१९३८ France   Leônidas[१]   Silvio Piola   Gyula Zsengellér
१९५० Brazil   Zizinho[१]   Juan Schiaffino   Ademir
१९५४ स्वित्झर्लंड   Sándor Kocsis   Helmut Rahn   Fritz Walter
१९५८ Sweden   Raymond Kopa[२]   Pelé   Just Fontaine
१९६२ Chile   Garrincha[३]   Vavá   Josef Masopust
१९६६ England   Sir Bobby Charlton   Bobby Moore   Eusébio
१९७० Mexico   Pelé   Wolfgang Overath   Carlos Alberto Torres
१९७४ West Germany   Johan Cruijff   Franz Beckenbauer   Kazimierz Deyna
१९७८ Argentina   Mario Kempes   Paolo Rossi   Dirceu

This Award was first awarded in १९८२.

World Cup Golden Ball Silver Ball Bronze Ball
१९८२ Spain   Paolo Rossi   Falcão   Karl-Heinz Rummenigge
१९८६ Mexico   Diego Maradona   Harald Schumacher   Preben Elkjær
१९९० Italy   Lothar Matthäus   Salvatore Schillaci   Diego Maradona
१९९४ USA   Romário   Roberto Baggio   Hristo Stoichkov
१९९८ France   Ronaldo   Davor Šuker   Lilian Thuram
२००२ Korea/Japan   Oliver Kahn   Ronaldo   Hong Myung-Bo
२००६ Germany   Zinedine Zidane   Fabio Cannavaro   Andrea Pirlo

Yashin Award संपादन

साचा:Unreferencedsection The Yashin Award for the Best Goalkeeper is named in honor of the late goalkeeper Lev Yashin (USSR). The FIFA Technical Study Group recognizes the top goalkeeper of the tournament based on the player’s performance throughout the final competition. Although goalkeepers have this specific award for their position, they are still eligible for the Golden Ball as well, as when Oliver Kahn was awarded in २००२. Although the Yashin was first awarded in १९९४, every All-Star Team in World Cups prior to १९९८ included only one goalkeeper:

World Cup Goalkeeper included in the All-Star Team
१९३० Uruguay   Enrique Ballesteros
१९३४ Italy   Ricardo Zamora
१९३८ France   Frantisek Planicka
१९५० Brazil   Roque Máspoli
१९५४ स्वित्झर्लंड   Gyula Grosics
१९५८ Sweden   Lev Yashin
१९६२ Chile   Antonio Carbajal
१९६६ England   Gordon Banks
१९७० Mexico   Ladislao Mazurkiewicz
१९७४ West Germany   Jan Tomaszewski
१९७८ Argentina   Ubaldo Fillol
१९८२ Spain   Dino Zoff
१९८६ Mexico   Harald Schumacher
१९९० Italy   Sergio Goycoechea

The Yashin Award was first awarded in १९९४

World Cup Yashin Award winner
१९९४ USA   Michel Preud'homme
१९९८ France   Fabien Barthez
२००२ Korea/Japan   Oliver Kahn
२००६ Germany   Gianluigi Buffon

फिफा खिलाडूवृत्ती चषक संपादन

The FIFA Fair Play Trophy is given to the team with the best record of fair play during the World Cup final tournament. Only teams that qualified for the second round are considered. The winners of this award earn the FIFA Fair Play Trophy, a diploma, a fair play medal for each player and official, and $५०,००० worth of football equipment to be used for youth development.

विश्वचषक विजेता
१९७८ आर्जेन्टिना  
१९८२ स्पेन   ब्राझिल
१९८६ मेक्सिको   ब्राझिल
१९९० इटली   इंग्लंड
१९९४ अमेरिका   ब्राझिल
१९९८ फ्रांस   इंग्लंड
२००२ कोरिया/जपान   बेल्जियम
२००६ जर्मनी   ब्राझिल

सर्वाधिक मनोरंजक संघ संपादन

The FIFA Award for the Most Entertaining Team is a fairly new accolade for the FIFA World Cup. It is a subjectively awarded prize for the team which has done the most to entertain the public with a positive approach to the game. The award is always organized through public participation in a poll. Recent awards have been determined by an Internet vote which may not fairly and accurately represent fan demographics.

विश्वचषक संघ
१९९८ फ्रांस   फ्रान्स
२००२ दक्षिण कोरिया|जपान   दक्षिण कोरिया
२००६ जर्मनी   पोर्तुगाल

Best Young Player Award संपादन

साचा:Unreferencedsection The Best Young Player (commercially termed "Gillette Best Young Player") award was awarded for the first time at the २००६ FIFA World Cup in Germany and given to Germany's Lukas Podolski. The award is given to the best player in the tournament who is at most २१ years old. For the २००६ FIFA World Cup this means that the player had to have been born on or after १ January, इ.स. १९८५. The election took place on FIFA's official World Cup website with the help of The FIFA Technical Study Group.

World Cup Best Young Player Award
१९३० Uruguay   Bert Patenaude
१९३४ Italy   Edmund Conen
१९३८ France   Alfred Bickel
१९५० Brazil   Lennart Skoglund
१९५४ स्वित्झर्लंड   Raymond Kopa
१९५८ Sweden   Pelé
१९६२ Chile   Florian Albert
१९६६ England   Franz Beckenbauer
१९७० Mexico   Teofilo Cubillas
१९७४ West Germany   Wladyslaw Zmuda
१९७८ Argentina   Antonio Cabrini
१९८२ Spain   Manuel Amoros
१९८६ Mexico   Vincenzo Scifo
१९९० Italy   Robert Prosinečki
१९९४ USA   Marc Overmars
१९९८ France   Michael Owen
२००२ Korea/Japan   Landon Donovan   Christoph Metzelder

The Best Young Player Award was first awarded in २००६

World Cup Best Young Player Award
२००६ Germany   Lukas Podolski

All-Star Team संपादन

साचा:Unreferencedsection The All-Star Team, currently named after its current sponsor MasterCard All-Star Team, is a team of the best २३ players, chosen by FIFA's technical study group, from the World Cup Finals. The number of players was expanded from ११ to १६ at the १९९८ finals, and then to the current २३. Before १९९८, journalists and experts chose a "Dream Team" with outstanding players from each playing position. The teams were chosen mostly by European and South American journalists.

World Cup Goalkeepers Defenders Midfielders Forwards
१९३० Uruguay

  Enrique Ballesteros

  José Nasazzi
  Milutin Ivković

  Luis Monti
  Alvaro Gestido
  José Andrade

  Pedro Cea
  Héctor Castro
  Héctor Scarone
  Guillermo Stabile
  Bert Patenaude

१९३४ Italy

  Ricardo Zamora

  Jacinto Quincoces
  Eraldo Monzeglio

  Luis Monti
  Attilio Ferraris
  Leonardo Cilaurren

  Giuseppe Meazza
  Raimundo Orsi
  Enrique Guaita
  Matthias Sindelar
  Oldrich Nejedly

१९३८ France

  Frantisek Planicka

  Pietro Rava
  Alfredo Foni
  Domingos da Guia

  Michele Andreolo
  Ugo Locatelli

  Silvio Piola
  Gino Colaussi
  György Sárosi
  Gyula Zsengellér

१९५० Brazil

  Roque Máspoli

  Erik Nilsson
  José Parra
  Schubert Gambetta

  Obdulio Varela
  Walter Bahr


१९५४ स्वित्झर्लंड

  Gyula Grosics

  Ernst Ocwirk
  József Bozsik
  José Santamaría

  Fritz Walter

  Helmut Rahn
  Nándor Hidegkuti
  Ferenc Puskás
  Sándor Kocsis
  Zoltan Czibor

१९५८ Sweden

  Lev Yashin

  Djalma Santos
  Nílton Santos

  Danny Blanchflower

  Just Fontaine
  Raymond Kopa
  Gunnar Gren

१९६२ Chile

  Antonio Carbajal

  Djalma Santos
  Cesare Maldini
  Valeriy Voronin
  Karl-Heinz Schnellinger

  Josef Masopust

  Leonel Sanchez

१९६६ England

  Gordon Banks

  George Cohen
  Bobby Moore
  Valeriy Voronin
  Silvio Marzolini

  Franz Beckenbauer
  Bobby Charlton

  Florian Albert
  Uwe Seeler

१९७० Mexico

  Ladislao Mazurkiewicz

  Carlos Alberto
  Franz Beckenbauer
  Giacinto Facchetti

  Gianni Rivera
  Bobby Charlton

  Gerd Müller

१९७४ West Germany

  Jan Tomaszewski

  Berti Vogts
  Wim Suurbier
  Franz Beckenbauer
  Marinho Chagas

  Wolfgang Overath
  Kazimierz Deyna
  Johan Neeskens

  Rob Rensenbrink
  Johan Cruijff
  Grzegorz Lato

१९७८ Argentina

  Ubaldo Fillol

  Berti Vogts
  Ruud Krol
  Daniel Passarella
  Alberto Tarantini

  Franco Causio
  Rob Rensenbrink

  Teofilo Cubillas
  Daniel Bertoni
  Mario Kempes

१९८२ Spain

  Dino Zoff

  Claudio Gentile
  Fulvio Collovati

  Zbigniew Boniek
  Michel Platini

  Paolo Rossi
  Karl-Heinz Rummenigge

१९८६ Mexico

  Harald Schumacher

  Manuel Amoros
  Maxime Bossis

  Jan Ceulemans
  Felix Magath
  Michel Platini
  Diego Maradona

  Preben Elkjær Larsen
  Emilio Butragueño
  Gary Lineker

१९९० Italy

  Sergio Goycoechea

  Andreas Brehme
  Paolo Maldini
  Franco Baresi

  Diego Maradona
  Lothar Matthäus
  Roberto Donadoni
  Paul Gascoigne

  Salvatore Schillaci
  Roger Milla
  Tomas Skuhravy

१९९४ USA

  Michel Preud'homme

  Márcio Santos
  Paolo Maldini

  Krasimir Balakov
  Gheorghe Hagi
  Tomas Brolin

  Hristo Stoichkov
  Roberto Baggio

१९९८ France

  Fabien Barthez
  José Luis Chilavert

  Roberto Carlos
  Marcel Desailly
  Lilian Thuram
  Frank de Boer
  Carlos Gamarra

  Michael Laudrup
  Zinedine Zidane
  Edgar Davids

  Davor Šuker
  Brian Laudrup
  Dennis Bergkamp

२००२ Korea/Japan

  Oliver Kahn
  Rüştü Reçber

  Roberto Carlos
  Sol Campbell
  Fernando Hierro
  Hong Myung-Bo
  Alpay Özalan

  Michael Ballack
  Claudio Reyna
  Yoo Sang-Chul

  Miroslav Klose
  El Hadji Diouf
  Hasan Şaş

२००६ Germany

  Gianluigi Buffon
  Jens Lehmann

  Roberto Ayala
  John Terry
  Lilian Thuram
  Philipp Lahm
  Fabio Cannavaro
  Gianluca Zambrotta
  Ricardo Carvalho

  Zé Roberto
  Patrick Vieira
  Zinedine Zidane
  Michael Ballack
  Andrea Pirlo
  Gennaro Gattuso
  Luís Figo
  Cristiano Ronaldo

  Hernán Crespo
  थिएरी ऑन्री
  Miroslav Klose
  Francesco Totti
  Luca Toni

Only one player has been named in three separate All-Star teams: Franz Beckenbauer of West Germany, who was included in the १९६६, १९७०, and १९७४ editions of the All-Star Team. Eighteen others have been named to two separate All-Star teams: Luis Monti (१९३० and १९३४; however in १९३० he was representing Argentina while in १९३४ he represented Italy); Garrincha, Valeriy Voronin and Djalma Santos (१९५८ and १९६२); Pelé (१९५८ and १९७०); Bobby Charlton(१९६६ and १९७०); Berti Vogts (१९७४ and १९७८); Michel Platini (१९८२ and १९८६); Diego Maradona (१९८६ and १९९०); Paolo Maldini (१९९० and १९९४); Dunga (१९९४ and १९९८); Roberto Carlos, Rivaldo, and Ronaldo (१९९८ and २००२); Lilian Thuram and Zinedine Zidane (१९९८ and २००६); Michael Ballack and Miroslav Klose (२००२ and २००६).

Notes and references संपादन

साचा:International Footballसाचा:Football World Cup