अर्थशास्त्रातील नोबेल पारितोषिक

ह्या लेखातील / विभागातील सध्याचा मजकूर इतरभाषा ते मराठी मशिन ट्रांसलेशन वापरून, [[]] भाषेतून मराठी भाषेत अंशत: अनुवादित केला गेला आहे / अथवा तसा कयास आहे. (ही सूचना/खूणपताका/टॅग लावताना, सहसा, सदर कयास संबंधीत मजकुरातील मराठी व्याकरणाच्या तफावतीवरून केले जातात). मशिन ट्रांसलेशनने मिळालेल्या अनुवादातील केवळ पूर्णतः व्यवस्थीत अनुवादीत वाक्ये तेवढीच घेण्याचा प्रयत्न केला आहे (करावा). आपल्याला आढळलेल्या त्रुटी येथे नोंदवाव्यात. लेखाच्या इतिहासातील फरक अभ्यासून भाषांतरास उपयोगी आणि अद्ययावत करण्यास मदत हवी आहे. (पहा: मशिन ट्रान्सलेशन/निती काय आहे?)
हे सुद्धा करा: विकिकरण,शुद्धलेखन सुधारणा, शब्द तपासःऑनलाईन शब्दकोश, अन्य सहाय्य: भाषांतर प्रकल्प.

१९६८ पासून , सेवेरिजस रिक्सबँक (स्वीडनची मध्यवर्ती बँक) यांनी नोबेल पुरस्काराचे संस्थापक  अल्फ्रेड नोबेल यांच्या स्मरणार्थ मध्ये अर्थसास्त्रामधील पुरस्कार स्थापित केला. बँकेच्या ३०० व्या वर्धापन दिनानिमित्त १९६८ मध्ये सवेरीज रिक्सबँक कडून नोबेल फाऊंडेशनला मिळालेल्या देणगीवर हा नोबेल पारितोषिक आधारित आहे.अर्थशास्त्राच्या  नोबेल पारितोषिकांची सुरुवात आल्फ्रेड नोबेलने यांनी केली नव्हती ,त्यांच्या स्मरणार्थ स्वीडनची मध्यवर्ती बँक १९६९ पासून अर्थशास्त्राचे नोबेल पुरस्कार  देत असते अर्थशास्त्रामध्ये मौल्यवान योगदान देणाऱ्या व्यक्तीला किंवा व्यक्तींना हे पारितोषिक देण्यात येते.

पुरस्कारविजेतेसंपादन करा

वर्ष विजेता/विजेते देश पुरस्कार देण्याचे कारण (इंग्लिशमध्ये)
1969   राग्नर फ्रिश   नॉर्वे "for having developed and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes"
  यान टिंबर्गन   नेदरलँड्स
1970   पॉल सॅम्युअलसन   अमेरिका "for the scientific work through which he has developed static and dynamic economic theory and actively contributed to raising the level of analysis in economic science"[१]
1971 [ चित्र हवे ] सायमन कुझनेट्स   अमेरिका "for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development"[२]
1972 [ चित्र हवे ] जॉन हिक्स   युनायटेड किंग्डम "for their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory."[३]
  केनेथ ॲरो   अमेरिका
1973 [ चित्र हवे ] वासिली लेओन्टिफ   सोव्हियेत संघ
  अमेरिका
"for the development of the input-output method and for its application to important economic problems"[४]
1974   गुनार मिर्डाल   स्वीडन "for their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena."[५]
  फ्रीडरिश हायेक   ऑस्ट्रिया
  युनायटेड किंग्डम
1975   लिओनिद कांतोरोविच   सोव्हियेत संघ "for their contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources"[६]
[ चित्र हवे ] ट्यालिंग कूपमान्स   नेदरलँड्स
  अमेरिका
1976   मिल्टन फ्रीडमन   अमेरिका "for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilisation policy"[७]
1977   बेर्टिल ओहलिन   स्वीडन "for their pathbreaking contribution to the theory of international trade and international capital movements"[८]
  जेम्स मीड   युनायटेड किंग्डम
1978   हर्बर्ट सायमन   अमेरिका "for his pioneering research into the decision-making process within economic organizations"[९]
1979 [ चित्र हवे ] थियोडोर शुल्ट्झ   अमेरिका "for their pioneering research into economic development research with particular consideration of the problems of developing countries."[१०]
[ चित्र हवे ] आर्थर लुईस   सेंट लुसिया
  युनायटेड किंग्डम
1980 [ चित्र हवे ] लॉरेन्स क्लाईन   अमेरिका "for the creation of econometric models and the application to the analysis of economic fluctuations and economic policies"[११]
1981   जेम्स टोबिन   अमेरिका "for his analysis of financial markets and their relations to expenditure decisions, employment, production and prices"[१२]
1982 [ चित्र हवे ] जॉर्ज स्टिग्लर   अमेरिका "for his seminal studies of industrial structures, functioning of markets and causes and effects of public regulation"[१३]
1983   गेरार्द देब्रू   फ्रान्स "for having incorporated new analytical methods into economic theory and for his rigorous reformulation of the theory of general equilibrium"[१४]
1984 [ चित्र हवे ] रिचर्ड स्टोन   युनायटेड किंग्डम "for having made fundamental contributions to the development of systems of national accounts and hence greatly improved the basis for empirical economic analysis"[१५]
1985   फ्रांको मोदिग्लियानी   इटली "for his pioneering analyses of saving and of financial markets"[१६]
1986   जेम्स एम. बुकानन   अमेरिका "for his development of the contractual and constitutional bases for the theory of economic and political decision-making"[१७]
1987   रॉबर्ट सॉलो   अमेरिका "for his contributions to the theory of economic growth"[१८]
1988   मॉरीस ॲले   फ्रान्स "for his pioneering contributions to the theory of markets and efficient utilization of resources"[१९]
1989   ट्रिग्वे हावेल्मो   नॉर्वे "for his clarification of the probability theory foundations of econometrics and his analyses of simultaneous economic structures"[२०]
1990 [ चित्र हवे ] हॅरी मार्कोविट्झ   अमेरिका "for their pioneering work in the theory of financial economics"[२१]
[ चित्र हवे ] मर्टन मिलर
  विल्यम एफ. शार्प
1991 [ चित्र हवे ] रॉनल्ड कोझ   युनायटेड किंग्डम "for his discovery and clarification of the significance of transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and functioning of the economy"[२२]
1992   गॅरी बेकर   अमेरिका "for having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behaviour and interaction, including non-market behaviour"[२३]
1993   रॉबर्ट फोगेल   अमेरिका "for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change"[२४]
[ चित्र हवे ] डग्लस नॉर्थ
1994 [ चित्र हवे ] जॉन हर्सान्यी   अमेरिका "for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games."[२५]
  जॉन नॅश
  राइनहार्ड सेल्टब   जर्मनी
1995 [ चित्र हवे ] रॉबर्ट लुकास, ज्युनियर   अमेरिका "for having developed and applied the hypothesis of rational expectations, and thereby having transformed macroeconomic analysis and deepened our understanding of economic policy"[२६]
1996 [ चित्र हवे ] जेम्स मिरलीस   युनायटेड किंग्डम "for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information"[२७]
[ चित्र हवे ] विल्यम व्हिकरी   कॅनडा
  अमेरिका
1997   रॉबर्ट मर्टन   अमेरिका "for a new method to determine the value of derivatives."[२८]
  मिरन शोल्झ   कॅनडा
  अमेरिका
1998   अमर्त्य सेन   भारत "for his contributions to welfare economics"[२९]
1999   रॉबर्ट मुंडेल   कॅनडा "for his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas"[३०]
2000   जेम्स हेकमन   अमेरिका "for his development of theory and methods for analyzing selective samples"[३१]
  डॅनियल मॅकफॅडन   अमेरिका "for his development of theory and methods for analyzing discrete choice"[३१]
2001   जॉर्ज एकरलॉफ   अमेरिका "for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information"[३२]
  मायकल स्पेन्स
  जोसेफ स्तिगलित्झ
2002   डॅनियेल काह्नेमन   इस्रायल
  अमेरिका
"for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty"[३३]
  व्हर्नॉन स्मिथ   अमेरिका "for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms"[३३]
2003   रॉबर्ट एंगल   अमेरिका "for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)"[३४]
  क्लाईव्ह ग्रँजर   युनायटेड किंग्डम "for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)"[३४]
2004   फिन किडलंड   नॉर्वे "for their contributions to dynamic macroeconomics: the time consistency of economic policy and the driving forces behind business cycles."[३५]
  एडवर्ड प्रेस्कॉट   अमेरिका
2005   रॉबर्ट ऑमन   अमेरिका
  इस्रायल
"for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis."[३६]
  थॉमस शेलिंग   अमेरिका
2006   एडमंड फेल्प्स   अमेरिका "for his analysis of intertemporal tradeoffs in macroeconomic policy"[३७]
2007   लिओनिद हुर्विक्झ   पोलंड
  अमेरिका
"for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"[३८]
  Eric S. Maskin   अमेरिका
  रॉजर मायर
2008   पॉल क्रुगमन   अमेरिका "for his analysis of trade patterns and location of economic activity"[३९]
2009   एलिनॉर ऑस्ट्रॉम   अमेरिका "for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"[४०]
  ऑलिव्हर विल्यमसन "for his analysis of economic governance, especially the boundaries of the firm"[४०]
2010   पीटर डायमंड   अमेरिका "for their analysis of markets with search frictions"[४१]
  डेल मॉर्टनसन
  क्रिस्तोफर पिसारिदेस   सायप्रस
2011   थॉमस सार्जंट   अमेरिका "for their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy"[४२]
  ख्रिस्टोफर सिम्स
2012   आल्विन रॉथ   अमेरिका "for the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design."[४३]
  लॉईड शेप्ली
2013   युजीन फामा   अमेरिका "for their empirical analysis of asset prices."[४४]
  लार्स पीटर हॅन्सन
  रॉबर्ट शिलर
2014 [ चित्र हवे ] ज्यां तिरोल   फ्रान्स "for his analysis of market power and regulation".[४५]
2015 [ चित्र हवे ] अगुस डिटन
  अमेरिका  युनायटेड किंग्डम

" for his analysis of consumption, poverty, and welfare"

2016 [ चित्र हवे ] ऑलिव्हर हार्ट आणि बेनेट हॉलस्ट्रॉम   युनायटेड किंग्डम

फिनलँड

for their contributions to contract theory."
2017 [ चित्र हवे ] रिचर्ड  एच थॅलेर   अमेरिका “for his contributions to behavioural economics”
2018 [ चित्र हवे ] पॉल एम रोमर आणि विल्यम डी नॉर्थड़स
  अमेरिका
“for integrating technological innovations into long-run macroeconomic analysis”

संदर्भसंपादन करा

  1. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1970". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
  2. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1971". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
  3. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1972". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
  4. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1973". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
  5. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1974". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
  6. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1975". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
  7. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1976". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
  8. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1977". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
  9. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1978". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
  10. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1979". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
  11. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1980". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
  12. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1981". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
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  14. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1983". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
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  25. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1994". Nobel Foundation. 2008-10-14 रोजी पाहिले. 
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  41. ^ "The Prize in Economic Sciences 2010". Nobel Foundation. 2010-10-11 रोजी पाहिले. 
  42. ^ "The Prize in Economic Sciences 2011". Nobel Foundation. 2011-10-10 रोजी पाहिले. 
  43. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2012". NobelPrize.org. 
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  45. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2014". Nobel Foundation. 2014-10-13 रोजी पाहिले. 


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