"चिनी भाषा" च्या विविध आवृत्यांमधील फरक

३,०५७ बाइट्सची भर घातली ,  ९ वर्षांपूर्वी
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बदलांचा आढावा नाही
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{{ChineseText}}
{{माहितीचौकट भाषा
|नाव = चिनी
|स्थानिक नाव = {{lang-zh|汉语/漢語}}, {{lang-zh|华语/華語, 中國話/中国话}} or {{lang-zh|中文}}
|भाषिक_देश = पूर्व व आग्नेय आशियातील व जगभरातील देश
|राष्ट्रभाषा_देश = {{देशध्वज|चीन}}<br /> {{देशध्वज|तैवान}}<br /> {{देशध्वज|सिंगापूर}}
|भाषिक_प्रदेश = [[पूर्व आशिया]], [[आग्नेय आशिया]]
|बोलीभाषा =
|लिपी =
|भाषिक_लोकसंख्या = १.३ अब्ज
|भाषिक_लोकसंख्येनुसार_क्रमांक = चिनी (एकत्र): १<br />[[मँडेरिन भाषा|मँडेरिन]]: १<br />[[वू भाषा|वू]]: १२<br />[[कॅटोनीज भाषा|कँटोनीज]]: १८<br />[[मिन भाषा|मिन]]: २२
|भाषासंकेत_ISO_639_2_वर्गवारी =
|भाषासंकेत_ISO_639_3_वर्गवारी = [http://www.sil.org/iso639-3/documentation.asp?id=zho zho]
|nativename=
|states=[[People's Republic of China]] (PRC, commonly known as China), [[Republic of China]] (ROC, commonly known as Taiwan), [[Singapore]], [[Malaysia]], the [[United States]], the [[Philippines]], [[Australia]], [[Indonesia]], [[Mauritius]], [[Peru]], and other regions with Chinese communities
|region=(majorities): Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Singapore<br />(minorities): Southeast Asia, and other regions with Chinese communities
|speakers=approx 1.3 billion<!--including [[Overseas Chinese]]//-->
|familycolor=Sino-Tibetan
|fam1=[[Sino-Tibetan languages|Sino-Tibetan]]
|fam2=[[Sinitic languages|Sinitic]]
|stand1=[[Standard Chinese|Mandarin]]
|dia6=[[Gan Chinese|Jiangxinese]]
|dia7=[[Hakka Chinese|Hakka]]
|dia5=[[Xiang Chinese|Hunanese]]
|dia2=[[Jinyu Chinese|Jin]]
|dia1=[[Mandarin Chinese|Mandarin]]
|dia4=[[Wu Chinese|Wu]]
|dia3=[[Huizhou Chinese|Huizhou]]
|dia8=[[Yue Chinese|Yue]] (including Cantonese-Taishanese)
|dia9=[[Ping Chinese|Pinghua]]
|dia10=[[Shaojiang Min|Shaojiang]]
|dia11=[[Min Bei|Northern Min]]
|dia12=[[Min Dong|Eastern Min]] (including Fuchow)
|dia13=[[Min Zhong|Central Min]]
|dia14=[[Puxian Min|Pu Xian]]
|dia15=[[Min Nan|Southern Min]] (including Amoy, Taiwanese)
|dia16=[[Teochew dialect|Teochew]] (including Swatow, Chaozhou, Jieyang, parts of Shanwei/Meizhou)
|script=[[Chinese character]]s, [[zhuyin fuhao]], [[pinyin]], [[Xiao'erjing]]
|nation=
{{UNO|United Nations}}<br />
{{PRC|People's Republic of China}}<br />
*{{HKG|Hong Kong}}
*{{MAC|Macau}}
 
{{ROC-TW|Taiwan}}<br />
{{SGP|Singapore}} ''(official, but not national language)''<br />
|minority = {{flag|Mauritius}}<br />{{flag|United States}} (minority and auxiliary)<br />
|agency=In the PRC: National Language Regulating Committee<!--[[:zh:国家语言文字工作委员会]]--><ref>http://www.china-language.gov.cn/ (Chinese)</ref><br />In the ROC: [[National Languages Committee]]<br />In Singapore: [[Promote Mandarin Council]]/[[Speak Mandarin Campaign]]<ref>http://mandarin.org.sg/html/home.htm {{Dead link|date=May 2008}}</ref>
|iso1=zh|iso2b=chi|iso2t=zho
|iso3=zho
|lc1=cdo|ld1=Min Dong
|lc2=cjy|ld2=Jinyu|ll2=Jin Chinese
|lc3=cmn|ld3=Mandarin|ll3=Mandarin Chinese
|lc4=cpx|ld4=Pu Xian
|lc5=czh|ld5=Huizhou|ll5=Huizhou Chinese
|lc6=czo|ld6=Min Zhong
|lc7=gan|ld7=Gan|ll7=Gan Chinese
|lc8=hak|ld8=Hakka|ll8=Hakka Chinese
|lc9=hsn|ld9=Xiang|ll9=Xiang Chinese
|lc10=mnp|ld10=Min Bei
|lc11=nan|ld11=Min Nan
|lc12=wuu|ld12=Wu|ll12=Wu Chinese
|lc13=yue|ld13=Yue|ll13=Yue Chinese
|lc14=och|ld14=Old Chinese<!--This and the following codes aren't part of the macrolanguage per SIL-->
|lc15=ltc|ld15=Late Middle Chinese|ll15=Middle Chinese
|lc16=lzh|ld16=Literary Chinese
|map = [[File:New-Map-Sinophone World.PNG|center|280px|border]]
<small><center>Map of the [[Chinese Language|Sinophone]] world .<br /></center>
'''Information:'''
{{legend|#0E0069|Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language}}
{{legend|#7FABAB|Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition}}
{{legend|#9fceff|Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition}}
{{legend|#D5E8FF|Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition}}
{{legend|#F7D5FF|Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition}}
{{legend|#0080ff|Major Chinese speaking settlements}}</small>
 
}}
'''चिनी''' किंवा सिनीटीक (汉语/漢語 Hànyǔ; 华语/華語 Huáyǔ; 中文 Zhōngwén) हा अनेक एकसारख्या भाषांचा एक समूह आहे. मूळ भारतीय भाषांपासून उगम पावलेल्या आणि चीन मधील हॅण चिनी लोकां कडून वापरल्या जाणाऱ्या ह्या भाषा सिनो-तिबेटी भाषा समुहाच्या उपशाखा आहेत. ह्या सर्व भाषांची लिपी एक आहे पण बोलताना चीनी भाषेचे सुमारे ७ ते १३ प्रकार वापरले जातात. ह्यांपैकी [[मँडेरिन भाषा|मँडेरिन]] (८५ कोटी), [[वू भाषा|वू]] (९ कोटी), [[कॅटोनीज भाषा|कँटोनीज]] (७ कोटी) व [[मिन भाषा|मिन]] (७ कोटी) ह्या प्रमुख बोलीभाषा आहेत. ह्या बोलीभाषांना एकाच प्रमुख भाषेच्या (चीनी) उपभाषा मानण्याबाबत भाषापंडितांमध्ये दुमत आहे.
३४५

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