"केरळ" च्या विविध आवृत्यांमधील फरक

३४६ बाइट्सची भर घातली ,  ११ वर्षांपूर्वी
==भूगोल==
 
Kerala[[Image:Munnar is wedged between thehillstation kerala.jpg|thumb|right|[[Laccadiveमुन्नार]], Seaकेरळ]] andकेरळ theराज्य [[Westernहे Ghats]]लक्षद्विप व सह्याद्रीच्या मधील पट्यात स्थित आहे. Lying betweenराज्याचा northपसारा latitudes 8°18' andते 12°48' andअक्षांश east longitudes 74°52' andते 72°22', रेखांश या दरम्यान आहे.<ref name = "GOK_2005b"/> Keralaकेरळ experiencesमध्ये theवर्षभर humidविषववृतीय [[equatorial]]दमट tropicहवामान climateअसते. The state has a coast of lengthराज्याला {{km to mi | 590 | abbr=yes}} किमी लांबीचा समुद्रकिनारा लाभलेला आहे.<ref>[http://www.fisheries.kerala.gov.in/glance.htm MARINE FISHERIES OF KERALA AT A GLANCE 2005 - Selected Indicators]Dept. of Fisheries, Govt of Kerala</ref> and the width of the state varies between 35 and 120&nbsp;km (22–75 miles). Geographically, Kerala can be divided into three climatically distinct regions: the eastern highlands (rugged and cool mountainous terrain), the central midlands (rolling hills), and the western lowlands (coastal plains). Located at the extreme southern tip of the [[Indian subcontinent]], Kerala lies near the centre of the [[Indian Plate|Indian]] [[tectonic plate]]; hence, most of the state is subject to comparatively little [[earthquake|seismic]] and volcanic activity.<ref>{{cite map |publisher=United Nations Development Programme |year=2002 |title=Map Showing Multi Hazard Zones in Kerala |url=http://www.undp.org.in/dmweb/Multihazard/Maps/Multihazard/kerala.jpg |archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20061108004906/http://www.undp.org.in/dmweb/Multihazard/Maps/Multihazard/kerala.jpg |archivedate=2006-11-08 |accessdate=2006-01-12 }}</ref> [[Pre-Cambrian]] and [[Pleistocene]] geological formations compose the bulk of Kerala’s terrain.
[[Image:Munnar hillstation kerala.jpg|thumb|right|Munnar hill station, Kerala]]
Kerala is wedged between the [[Laccadive Sea]] and the [[Western Ghats]]. Lying between north latitudes 8°18' and 12°48' and east longitudes 74°52' and 72°22',<ref name = "GOK_2005b"/> Kerala experiences the humid [[equatorial]] tropic climate. The state has a coast of length {{km to mi | 590 | abbr=yes}}<ref>[http://www.fisheries.kerala.gov.in/glance.htm MARINE FISHERIES OF KERALA AT A GLANCE 2005 - Selected Indicators]Dept. of Fisheries, Govt of Kerala</ref> and the width of the state varies between 35 and 120&nbsp;km (22–75 miles). Geographically, Kerala can be divided into three climatically distinct regions: the eastern highlands (rugged and cool mountainous terrain), the central midlands (rolling hills), and the western lowlands (coastal plains). Located at the extreme southern tip of the [[Indian subcontinent]], Kerala lies near the centre of the [[Indian Plate|Indian]] [[tectonic plate]]; hence, most of the state is subject to comparatively little [[earthquake|seismic]] and volcanic activity.<ref>{{cite map |publisher=United Nations Development Programme |year=2002 |title=Map Showing Multi Hazard Zones in Kerala |url=http://www.undp.org.in/dmweb/Multihazard/Maps/Multihazard/kerala.jpg |archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20061108004906/http://www.undp.org.in/dmweb/Multihazard/Maps/Multihazard/kerala.jpg |archivedate=2006-11-08 |accessdate=2006-01-12 }}</ref> [[Pre-Cambrian]] and [[Pleistocene]] geological formations compose the bulk of Kerala’s terrain.
 
Eastern Kerala consists of high mountains, gorges and deep-cut valleys immediately west of the Western Ghats' [[rain shadow]]. Forty-one of Kerala’s west-flowing rivers, and three of its east-flowing ones originate in this region. The Western Ghats form a wall of mountains interrupted only near [[Palakkad]], where the [[Palakkad Gap]] breaks through to provide access to the rest of India. The Western Ghats rises on average to 1,500&nbsp;m (4920&nbsp;ft) above sea level, while the highest peaks may reach to 2,500&nbsp;m (8200&nbsp;ft). [[Anamudi]] is the highest peak at an elevation of 2,695 metres (8,130&nbsp;ft). Just west of the mountains lie the midland plains comprising central Kerala, dominated by rolling hills and valleys.<ref name = "GOK_2005b"/> Generally ranging between elevations of 250–1,000&nbsp;m (820–3300&nbsp;ft), the eastern portions of the [[Nilgiri Hills|Nilgiri]] and [[Palni Hills]] include such formations as [[Agastyamala]] and [[Anamala]].
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