"केरळ" च्या विविध आवृत्यांमधील फरक

३६ बाइट्सची भर घातली ,  ११ वर्षांपूर्वी
[[Image:Parshuramsaraswats.jpg|thumb|right|[[Parashurama|Parasurama]], surrounded by settlers, commanding [[Varuna]] to part the seas and reveal Kerala.]]
 
इसवी पूर्वीच्या मौर्य साम्राज्यानंतरच्या काळात केरळचा प्रांतावर चेरा घराण्याचे राज्य होते. द्रविडांतील विल्लवर या समाजातील होते. त्यांची राजभाषा मल्याळी-तामिळ मिश्रीत अशी होती. <ref>{{harvnb|Sadasivan|2000|pp=105-6}}</ref> चेरांची राजधानी वांची येथे होती. केरळचा दक्षिण भाग पांड्य राज्याचा भाग होता व त्यांची राजधानी Nelcynda येथे होती. <ref name="74.125.153.132"/><ref name="Books.google.co.in"/> चीन, अरबी तसेच रोमन साम्राज्यातील व्यापारांचे चेरांशी संबध होते असे दिसते. संगम साहित्यांमध्ये रोमन साम्राज्यातील सोन्यांनी भरुन येणार्‍या जहाजांचे वर्णन आहे. ही जहाजे मसाल्यांच्या व्यापारासाठी येत. <ref name="kerala.gov.in">{{cite web|url=http://www.kerala.gov.in/history&culture/earlyhistory.htm |title=officialwebsite of |publisher=Kerala.gov.in |date= |accessdate=2010-02-25}}</ref> Keralaरोमन isसाम्राज्यातील representedनोंदीनुसार asकेरळ theहे easternज्ञान tipजगाचे ofपूर्वेकडचे theटोक knownहोते. world in [[Tabula Peutingeriana]], the only known surviving map of the Roman ''[[cursus publicus]]''.<ref name="Iyengar_2001">{{cite book |author=Iyengar PTS |year=2001 |title=History Of The Tamils: From the Earliest Times to 600 A.D. |publisher=Asian Educational Services |isbn=8-1206-0145-9 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=ERq-OCn2cloC |accessdate=2008-12-29 }}</ref> {{rp|192–195, 303–307}} The west Asian-semitic <ref name="BMalieckal">* Bindu Malieckal (2005) Muslims, Matriliny, and A Midsummer Night's Dream: European Encounters with the Mappilas of Malabar, India; The Muslim World Volume 95 Issue 2</ref> Jewish, Christian, and Muslim immigrants<ref name="BMalieckal"/> established [[Syrian Malabar Nasrani|Nasrani Mappila]], [[Juda Mappila]] and [[Mappila|Muslim Mappila]] communities.<ref name="BMalieckal"/><ref>{{cite book |author=Milton J, Skeat WW, Pollard AW, Brown L |title=The Indian Christians of St Thomas |publisher=Cambridge University Press |date=1982-08-31 |isbn=0-5212-1258-8 |page=171 }}</ref> The [[Jews]] first arrived in Kerala in 573 BCE.<ref>De Beth Hillel, David (1832). ''Travels'' ([[Madras]] publication).</ref><ref>Lord, James Henry (1977). ''The Jews in India and the Far East''; Greenwood Press Reprint; ISBN.</ref> The works of scholars and [[Eastern Christianity|Eastern Christian]] writings state that [[Thomas the Apostle]] visited [[Muziris]] in Kerala in 52 CE to proselytize amongst Kerala's Jewish settlements, however this is widely disputed due to lack of credible historical evidence.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://nasrani.net/2007/02/13/kerala-syrian-christian-the-tomb-of-the-apostle-persian-church-syond-of-diamper-coonan-cross-oath-divisions/ |title=Kerala Syrian Christians, Apostle in India |publisher=nasrani.net |date= |accessdate=2009-10-25}}</ref><ref name="Hamsa.org">{{cite web|url=http://hamsa.org/pope.htm |title=Pope denies St. Thomas came to South India |publisher=Hamsa.org |date= |accessdate=2009-09-23}}</ref><ref name="GPress">Medlycott, A E. 1905 "India and the Apostle Thomas"; Gorgias Press LLC; ISBN</ref><ref>Thomas Puthiakunnel, (1973) "Jewish colonies of India paved the way for St. Thomas", The Saint Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India, ed. George Menachery, Vol. II.</ref> Muslim merchants led by [[Malik ibn Dinar]] settled in Kerala by the 8th century CE and introduced Islam.
 
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