"गोवा आंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळ" च्या विविध आवृत्यांमधील फरक

 
In the indications dribbling out in the interim (a) a "review" of the Union Cabinet's March 2000 decision to close Dabolim civil enclave on the opening of Mopa has been sought (b) Mopa is being tipped as an "international" airport while Dabolim would be "domestic" (c) estimates of the investment in Mopa range from $205 million to $400 million and a {{convert|33000|m2}} passenger terminal is envisaged (d) it is hoped that Dabolim civil enclave would be expanded/upgraded simultaneously (e) Mopa airport would be Code F or super-jumbo compatible (f) the exact status of the ground transport (north-south) connectivity of the two airports is still up in the air. Meanwhile the local base commander of the Indian Navy has urged the Goa government to expedite the Mopa airport project unambiguously drawing a line on the availability of any more land for civilian purposes. However an explicit two-airport system had yet to be studied in Goa.
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==भारतीय आरमारी तळ==
दाबोळी आरमारी वायुसेना तळ हा भारतीय वायुसेनेच्या [[कोइंबतूर]] जवळील [[सुलुर]] येथील तळाचा भाग असल्याचे मानले जाते. १९८३पासून आरमाराने आपली [[बी.ए.ई. सी हॅरियर]] प्रकारच्या विमानांची तुकडी येथे आणली व वैमानिक प्रशिक्षण केन्द्रही उभारले. [[आय.एन.एस. विक्रमादित्य]] या नवीन विमानवाहू नौके बरोबर विकत घेतलेल्या १२ [[मिग-२९के]] विमानांपैकी चार विमानांना दाबोळी येथे स्थित करण्याचा बेत आहे.<ref>[http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1050070.cms India to receive MiG-29 from Russia in 2007]. [[The Times of India]]. 13 March 2006</ref> कारवारस्थित विक्रमादित्यच्या डेकची प्रतिकृती दाबोळी येथे बांधण्यात येत आहे. विमानवाहू नौके वर ये-जा करण्याचा सराव करण्यासाठी असलेल्या या धावपट्टीला २८३ मी लांबी असलेला १४.३ अंशाचा स्की-जंपसुद्धा आहे.
 
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==भारतीय नौदलाची भूमिका==
The early history of Dabolim naval air station is obscure but it is thought that it may have been hived off from Sulur [[Indian Air Force|IAF]] base near Coimbatore. But in 1983, the Indian Navy began inducting the [[BAE Sea Harrier]] into service, basing training activities at Dabolim. Now the base is expected to house four [[Mikoyan MIG-29|MIG-29KUBs]] that will be inducted into the navy with a complement of 12 single seater MIG-29Ks purchased with the aircraft carrier [[INS Vikramaditya]] (formerly the Russian navy's [[Soviet aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov|Admiral Gorshkov]]).
 
The MIG-29Ks are available and paid for but untried and untested anywhere in the operational context. A new round of flight training will begin in about a couple of years for the new planes.<ref>[http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1050070.cms India to receive MiG-29 from Russia in 2007]. [[The Times of India]]. 13 March 2006</ref>
 
A mock-up of the {{convert|283|m|ft|adj=on}} deck (14.3 degree ski-jump and all) is being built at Dabolim airport for training purposes as the aircraft carrier is slated to be based at [[Karwar]]. The move is in anticipation of a delay in delivery of the Russian aircraft carrier from 2008 to 2012 at the earliest. The MIG-29Ks cannot operate from any other carrier. They were even heavier than what the Gorshkov was originally intended to accommodate and hence this was one of the reasons for the higher cost of the current refit.
 
India and Russia had struck a $1.5 billion "fixed price", package deal for the fire-disabled Gorshkov in January 2004. Just before the delivery of the aircraft carrier was due in August 2008, the Russians escalated their demand for the amount to $2.7 billion while extending the delivery date to 2012. A formal re-negotiation of the entire 2004 contract was imminent due to the recognition in the meantime of a complete change in original parameters on which a refit was based. The prospect now was for the amount to rise even further to $3.4 billion. Acceptance of such huge cost escalations raised serious questions about the fundamental reasons driving the Navy into the deal.
 
Meanwhile the maintenance, repair, and overhaul of the [[INS Viraat]]'s Sea Harriers are carried out at the naval air station in [[Cochin]].<ref name="Unnithan">Unnithan, S. "Harrier Hassles". India Today. 19 December 2005</ref> The Navy is in the process of mid-life upgradation of these fighters at Hindustan Aeronautics Limited in Bangalore. A number of Harriers have gone for upgradation being undertaken with the help of the fighter's manufacturers, British Aerospace.
 
The Indian Navy's fleet of about 30 Sea Harriers (including 6 two seater trainers) has, over the past two decades, been halved (with a loss of 7 pilots' lives), entirely due to crashes during "routine sorties" for unspecified failures. Only 3 trainer aircraft (two-seaters) remain, besides about 10 single-seater fighter aircraft. In 2006-7, there were four crashes of Sea Harriers, two of them while attempting vertical landings, of which one was during a multi-navy exercise at sea on INS Viraat and the other was at Dabolim airport on Christmas Eve morning, 2007. INS Viraat itself is at the end of its life cycle and spends much time in refits. Besides, about half the Indian Navy's submarines are also undergoing, or in need of, major repair at any point in time.
 
The spate of recent crashes had resulted in flight restrictions. This may be ameliorated by a deal under which the UK would supply four Sea Harrier air frames which could be cannibalised for spares. An offer to locate a Harrier post design service station in India to overhaul and maintain the Navy's Sea Harriers was also made.
 
== Tying things down ==
Besides the operation of [[STOVL]] aircraft, the Sea Harriers, the Navy also operates the [[Kamov Ka-28]] anti submarine helicopters, the IL-38 and TU-142M aircraft. Dabolim airbase also hosts exercises by the [[Indian Air Force]]'s fighter bombers and it has facilities for the [[Indian Coast Guard]] which operates a fleet of small aircraft such as Dorniers. The beaches comprising 70% of Goa's {{convert|105|km|mi|adj=on}} coast line are vulnerable to oil spills from the heavy tanker traffic in the Arabian Sea and capsizing of vessels engaged in coastal shipping as well as illegal discharge of dirty water from both. The Coast Guard is not yet able to operate at night. But the Indian Navy also carries out long range [[maritime patrol]]s as far as the [[Horn of Africa]] from Dabolim using unarmed aircraft such as the [[Ilyushin Il-18]]. This activity has assumed significance recently due to a spate of pirate attacks in the area on maritime shipping involving Indian crews.